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Title: Country Level Snapshots: Waste-to-Energy and Cities Issued by: Global Sustainable Cities Network Date: 2013 Category: Clean Energy Description: The Global Sustainable Cities Network (GSCN) is an initiative of the Clean Energy Ministerial, a high-level global forum to promote policies and programs that advance clean energy technology, to share lessons
learned and best practices, and to encourage the transition to a global clean energy economy. The aim of the GSCN is to provide an open platform for groundbreaking sustainable city initiatives throughout
the world to share knowledge that can be utilized and incorporated throughout the initiatives’ respective development life cycles.
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Title: Renewable Energy in the Gaza Strip: Short, Mid and Long Term Concepts Issued by: PalThink in collaboration with Friedrich Ebert Stiftung Date: 2014 Category: Renewable Energy Description: This case study presents obstacles, challenges and recommendations provided by key participants of the six workshops and round table discussions organized by PalThink for Strategic Studies and Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung for the project: “Renewable Energy as a Sustainable Solution to the Electricity Crisis in Gaza Strip”. Download: Document
Title: Renewable Energy in Jordan South Jordan as a Case Study Issued by: Dead Sea & Arava Science Centre in collaboration with i.GREENs Date: 2011 Category: Renewable Energy Description: In Jordan, 98% of the energy needs is imported, costing 13% of the GDP in 2009, which went up to 20% because of the Egyptian Gas supply problems, the cost of the unstable gas supply is estimated to be equivalent to a 1.5 MW PV field for each day of supply cut. The energy supply is dominated by fossil fuel and is growing by 5.5% annually. The electricity generation is mainly based on fossil fuel and natural gas power plants, the total supply capacity in 2010 reached 2,600MW, Figure 1 shows the electricity consumption until 2008 which is growing by 7.4% annually. Download: Document
Title: Best practices on Renewable Energy Self-consumption Issued by: EU Date: 2015 Category: Renewable Energy Description: The Energy Union strategy1 places consumers at the core of the EU energy policy, encouraging them to take full ownership of the energy transition, to benefit from new technologies to reduce their bills and participate actively in the market, while ensuring protection for the vulnerable ones. At the same time, the achievement of the Energy Union requires a fundamental transformation of Europe's energy system. Renewable energy is essential for this transformation to take place as it contributes to all of the Energy Union objectives: the delivery of security of supply, a transition to a sustainable energy system with
reduced greenhouse gas emissions, industrial development leading to growth and jobs and lower energy costs for the EU economy.
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Title: Energy Efficiency Handbook: Arab World Case Studies Issued by: AFED Date: 2014 Category: Energy Efficiency Description: Energy Efficiency: Case Studies - Arab World Download: Document
Title: Arab Future Energy Index 2013 Issued by: RCREEE Date: 2013 Category: Renewable Energy Description: The Arab Future Energy Index (AFEX) is the first native Arab index dedicated to monitoring and analyzing sustainable energy competitiveness in the Arab region. AFEX offers both quantitative and qualitative analysis for key renewable energy and energy efficiency market dimensions. Countries are ranked under more than 20 indicators that illustrate key energy market aspects including policies, institutional and technical capacities, strategies, socioeconomic data and investments. AFEX data is collected through both international and local resources to guarantee accuracy and transparency. Download: Document
Title: Arab Climate Resilience Initiative Issued by: Date: UNDP Category: Climate Changes Description: Current climatic variability in the Arab region indicates a trend towards an increase in surface air temperature and a decrease in rainfall. Hotter and drier conditions will likely exacerbate the frequency of extreme climate events, such as sand and dust storms, droughts and heat waves and will hamper agricultural production, particularly rain-fed agriculture. Resultant accelerated desertification rates will have direct negative effects on food security and income streams. Unless timely and integrated adaptation and mitigation interventions are implemented, these negative impacts are likely to jeopardize hard-won development progress across multiple sectors in countries that have already suffered setbacks due to conflict. Download: Document
Title: Renewable Energy Solutions for the Mediterranean Issued by: RES4MED Date: 2014 Category: Renewable Energy Description: 10 billion € of investments in solar and wind in Egypt by 2020: the Italian renewable energy industry is at the forefront of the sector.
Three support mechanisms will be available to the whole supply chain, in order to enhance an already consolidated commercial partnership
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Title: Enabling PV in the MENA Region: The emergin PV Market in Jordan Issued by: GIZ, BSW, ECLAREON Date: Category: Solar Energy Description: Download: Document
Title: Climate change and environment in the Arab World Issued by: American University of Beirut (AUB) in collaboration with Issam Fares Institute for Public Policy and International Affairs. Date: 2014 Category: Climate Changes Description: Gulf Countries are heavily dependent on the export of oil and natural gas to generate revenue for their national budgets, as well as maintaining a supply of cheap energy for their domestic use. Yet recently, some leaders in the Gulf have started looking away from conventional fossil fuels and taken an interest in the possibilities of renewable energy.
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Title: Characterisation of solar electricity import corridors from MENA to Europe Issued by: German Aerospace Centre (DLR) Date: July 2009 Category: Solar Energy Description: Report prepared in the frame of the EU project ‘Risk of Energy Availability: Common Corridors for Europe Supply Security (REACCESS)’ carried out under the 7th Framework Programme (FP7) of the European Commission (Theme - Energy-2007-9. 1-01: Knowledge tools for energy-related policy making, Grant agreement no.: 212011).
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Title: Challenges facing Grid Integration of Renewable Energy in the GCC region Issued by: Gulf Research Centre Date: December 2013 Category: Renewable Energy Description: "Over the past decades, the GCC countries have relied on oil as the main source of income and the entire economy revolved around it. However, along with economic
development, growing industrial development has led to higher energy demand for local needs.
Notice that the Middle East region is expected to reach 300 percent growth in 2050. GCC energy consumption has grown 74 percent since 2000 and is projected to nearly double its current levels by 2020."
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Title: Regional Coordination Mechanisms (RCM) issues brief for the Arab Sustainable Development Report Issued by: United Nations - ESCWA Date: 2015 Category: Renewable Energy Description: "The Arab energy sector is playing and will continue to play a vital role in the socio-economic development of Arab countries, especially those endowed with large hydrocarbon resources. These hydrocarbon resources have also been fueling the global economy for decades. In addition, many Arab countries are blessed with huge potential for renewable energy resources such as solar and wind that have not been adequately utilized yet.
Despite that, there are still nearly 36 million Arabs with no access to modern energy services."
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Title: Arab Future Energy Index AFEX 2015 Issued by: RCREEE Date: 2015 Category: Renewable Energy Description: The Arab Future Energy Index (AFEX) is the first native Arab index dedicated to monitoring and analyzing sustainable energy competitiveness in the Arab region. AFEX offers both quantitative and qualitative analysis for key renewable energy and energy efficiency market dimensions. Countries are ranked under 30 indicators that illustrate key energy market aspects including policies, institutional capacities, strategies, and investments. AFEX data is collected through both international and local resources to guarantee accuracy and transparency.
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Title: Arab Environment - Climate Change: Impact of climate change on Arab countries Issued by: Arab Forum for Environment and Development (AFED) Date: 2009 Category: Climate Changes Description: Impact of Climate Change on the Arab Countries’ is the second of a series of annual reports produced by the Arab Forum for Environment and Development (AFED). The first AFED report, published in 2008 under the title ‘Arab
Environment: Future Challenges’, covered the most pressing environmental issues facing the region, and went beyond to provide a policy-oriented analysis. The report was presented to AFED’s annual conference which convened in Manama in October 2008. That conference decided on a set of ecommendations that were endorsed by national and regional institutions. The report’s findings helped to raise awareness across the region, and its recommendations resonated in policies and official positions.
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Title: Arab Climate Resilience Initiative Climate Change: Economic challenges and Opportunities in the Arab Regions Issued by: UNDP in collaboration with Environmental Management Program College of Graduate Studies - Arab Gulf University Date: 2011 Category: Climate Changes Description: The recently launched 2009 Arab Human Development Report on ―Challenges to Human Security in the Arab Countries‖ identifies the pressure on environmental resources as one of the main dimensions for achieving human security in the region. The Arab region is one of those least responsible for the direct creation of the greenhouse effect - According to the global Human Development Report 2007/2008 and world development indices for 2007, the region‘s share of carbon dioxide emissions was no more than 4.7 per cent—lower than any other region except Sub-Saharan Africa. However, the region is also the nearest to becoming a direct victim of climate change.
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Title: EU-GCC Renewable Energy Policy Cooperation: Exploring Opportunities Issued by: Gulf Research Centre Date: December 2013 Category: Renewable Energy Description: "Today, the evolution of different forms of renewable energy technologies (RETs) offers solutions to society’s energy needs: electricity, thermal energy for heating and cooling, and fuels for transportation. The benefits of renewable energy sources (RES) are numerous. RES are freely available, and most countries are endowed with at least one source. They are not threatened by depletion and will contribute to meeting the constantly increasing global energy demand,
beyond the availability of fossil fuels. Renewable energy production is typically CO2 neutral and does not harm the atmosphere, making it the energy form of choice for
climate-conscious policymakers and a means to prevent climate change induced by our heavily fossil fuel-based energy system.
In addition, energy security has been a major driver at the national and regional levels. The European Union (EU) is a case in point in considering RES as a domestic source of energy that adds to the region’s security of supply by reducing energy import dependency from its currently high levels (around 70 percent). In this framework, the EU has led the way in the transition towards RES, reaching nearly 44 percent of global (non-hydro) renewable capacity. Historically, the EU has also been an effective test bed for renewable energy policies given the different supportive measures that have been adopted over time in the different countries."
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Title: District Energy in cities: unblocking the potential of energy efficiency and renewable energy Issued by: UNEP in collaboration with Copenhagen centre on energy efficency, local governments for sustainability and UN HABITAT Date: 2014 Category: Energy Efficiency Description: "The UNEP report District Energy in Cities: Unlocking the Potential of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
identifies modern district energy as the most effective approach for many cities to transition to sustainable
heating and cooling, by improving energy efficiency and enabling higher shares of renewables.
Countries such as Denmark have made modern district energy the cornerstone of their energy policy to reach their goal of 100 per cent renewable energy, and, similarly, other countries, such as China, are exploring synergies between high levels of wind production and district heating."
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Title: Developing Renewable Energy projects: Aguide to achieving success in the Middle East - A case study - Egypt Issued by: EVERSHEDS, SHAHID Law Firm and PWC Date: may-15 Category: Renewable Energy Description: "Egypt is the largest non-OPEC oil producer in Africa and
second largest natural gas producer. However, it is also the
largest oil and natural gas consumer in Africa. Natural gas
and oil are the primary fuels used to meet energy demand,
and accounted for 94% of total energy consumption in 2013.
A shortage of input fuels is a contributing factor in Egypt’s
frequent electricity blackouts. Other factors include rising
demand, aging infrastructure and inadequate generation
and transmission capacity. The political and social unrest
in Egypt over the last few years has also slowed the government’s plans to double installed generation capacity
with a further 30 GW by 2020. Increasing Egypt’s domestic renewable energy capacity will help diversify its energy mix and improve energy security."
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Title: Desert power: Getting started Issued by: Dii GmbH Date: 2014 Category: Renewable Energy Description: The manual for renewable electricity in MENA
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Title: Desert Power 2050: Regional and sectoral impacts of renewable electricity production in Europe, the Middle East and North Africa Issued by: Kiel Institue for the World Economy Date: January 2014 Category: Renewable Energy Description: “Desert Power 2050” is probably the world’s most ambitious strategy report towards the decarbonization of the power sector in Europe, the Middle East and North Africa (EUMENA). The report inspired by the Desertec vision aims at providing clean energy from MENA’s desert regions to the entire MENA region as well as exporting electricity to Europe. The report shows that an integrated EUMENA power system based on more than 90 percent renewables is technically feasible and economically viable. We use a combination of a global general equilibrium model (DART) and a multiplier analysis to evaluate the economic effects behind “Desert Power 2050” from a broader perspective, including not only the energy activities but also the repercussions in other sectors of the economies. The results show that the extent of the costs and benefits for both regions depend on the type of strategy adopted to finance the build-up of the power plants and the expected development of the levelised cost of electricity for the different technologies. Furthermore, the viability of a transition towards renewable energy as proposed by “Desert Power 2050” depends to a great extent on the international climate policy.
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Title: Cleantech Survey Report: Middle East and North Africa Issued by: Clean Energy Business Council and Middle East Solar Industry Association (MESIA) Date: 2014 Category: Clean Energy Description: The 2014 MENA Cleantech Survey gauges the sentiment of senior industry executives regarding the cleantech industry
and renewable energy implementation in the Middle East and North Africa Region.
The survey identifies the most important market drivers, prospects for growth and key issues, provides an additional
voice of the market and articulates the attractiveness of technologies among different countries in the region.
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Title: An Analysis of North Africa's Capacity to Achieve Renewable Energy Development Issued by: Wai Mun Hong in collaboration with MERIGG - University of Madrid and The Project Mediterranean Institue Berlin Date: September 2014 Category: Renewable Energy Description: Download: Document
Title: A Roadmap for Renewable Energy in the Middle East and North Africa Issued by: The Oxford Institute for Energy Studies - Oxford University Date: January 2014 Category: Renewable Energy Description: "Home to more than half of the world’s crude oil and more than a third of its natural gas reserves, the MENA region has, for the past fifty years, gained enormous significance as a global producer and exporter of energy. The MENA region is already a major energy consumer, and is forecast to continue to account, alongside Asia, for the majority of the world’s energy demand growth well into the 2030s; placing domestic energy policies at the heart of the region’s economic agendas for the coming
decades. This paper argues that renewable energy – most importantly solar power, with its particular regional climatic advantage – could play a significant role as a cost-competitive alternative to conventional fossil fuels, if the full opportunity cost of domestically consumed oil and natural gas resources is fully priced into the regional energy system. The absence of cost-reflective energy and electricity tariffs in the MENA region today currently conceals this potential cost advantage; and
leaves renewable energy deployment subject to further, economically distorting, policies such as renewables targets and fiscal incentives. Systematically opening up the economic opportunities offered by renewable energy to the MENA region will hence require structural reform of regional energy market and pricing mechanisms, thereby rationalizing the use of different energy sources in each domestic market."
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